Spring Lake, Part 1: An Introduction to Spring Lake Prehistory

Spring Lake is an artificial lake located in south-central Hays County at the base of the Balcones Escarpment, which marks the boundary between the Edwards Plateau (Hill Country) and the Blackland Prairie. The lake is fed by a large artesian outflow of anywhere from 200 to 3000 springs that emanate from the Edwards Aquifer to form the headwaters of the San Marcos River. Spring Lake was created in 1849 when General Edward Burleson, commander of the First Regiment during the Battle of San Jacinto and an early founder of the City of San Marcos, built a dam across the river about one-half mile downstream from the springs to accommodate a mill. Continue reading